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Chair of
International Management and Strategic Management

DR Stefan Schmid, director of the Chair of International Management and Strategic Management, ESCP, Berlin campus The internationalisation of companies has become so complex that International Management has emerged as a distinct discipline within Business and Management Studies. In research and in teaching, the Chair is concerned with strategic, organisational and cultural challenges of international companies. In order to be competitive, a company needs more than a clear idea of how to internationalise; in the field of Strategic Management we place great emphasis on general processes of setting strategic objectives, strategic analysis, strategy formulation and strategy implementation. With regard to both research and teaching in International Management and in Strategic Management, we aim at combining rigour and relevance.

- Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid
Holder of the Chair

The team

Back from left to right: Felix Rödder, Simon Mitterreiter, Sebastian Baldermann; Front from left to right: Anna Mechelhoff, Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid, Bruni Wedeking

News from the Chair

Annual News reports (2003-2020)

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Last update - September 2020

We offer the following courses:

Bachelor in
Management (BSc)

  • International Management
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Master in

  • International Management I: The Multinational Corporation in the Global Economy
  • International Management II: Strategies of Internationalization
  • Wissenschaftliches Arbeiten im deutschsprachigen Raum
  • Academic Writing in the German-Speaking Countries
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Specialised Master®
Strategy and Digital Business

  • International Strategy
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Specialised Master®
Sustainability Entrepreneurship & Innovation

  • Strategic Management
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Specialised Master®
Sales 4.0 - Master in International Sales Management

  • International Management Decisions
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Executive MBA

  • Corporate Strategy (Core Course)
  • International Strategy and Structure (Elective)
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Education Programmes

  • Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid teaches in various ESCP Executive Education Programmes in Berlin, Paris, Madrid, Torino and London. His experience encompasses a wide range of topics within International Management and Strategic Management.
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European PhD Programme
in International Business

  • International Management
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Lectures at Other Universities / Business Schools

Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid regularly teaches at other universities or business schools as a lecturer or visiting professor. Since 2002, he offered courses at the following institutions:

  • Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Germany, “Introduction to Business Administration” (Diploma course in Business Administration)
  • University of Vaasa, Finland, “Internationalization Strategies of the Firm” (Master programme)
  • Université de Nancy, France, “International Management” (Ph.D. programme)
  • Universität Bayreuth, Germany, “Fundamentals of International Management” and “Internationalization Strategies” (Diploma course in Business and Bachelor courses)
  • Europa-Universität Viadrina, Frankfurt / Oder, Germany, and Collegium Polonicum, Slubice, Poland, “Corporate Strategy” and “International Strategy” (MBA programme)
  • Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3, France, "Literature Reviews in Business Studies" (Ph.D. programme)
  • École Supérieure des Affaires (ESA), Lebanon, "Corporate Strategy" (MBA and Executive MBA programme)


Research Approach

Research at the Chair for International Management and Strategic Management ESCP Campus Berlin has a specific orientation:


Our research concentrates on the international dimension of management. We focus on strategic, organizational und cultural challenges of international firms. Our work is financed by ESCP or through third-party funds, provided by various sources, such as the Bertelsmann Foundation, Roland Berger Strategy Consultants or SFR CEGETEL.


Our chair contributes to theory building and testing without neglecting links to managerial practice. Neither do we believe in dogmatic research nor do we see a supremacy of specific theoretical or methodological approaches. We pursue a pluralistic approach, in which the choice of theories and methods results from the problems to be solved.


We are convinced that it is the task of academics to explain phenomena. In social sciences, however, it is realistic to discover regularities rather than to establish axioms. Hence, we think that there are additional important objectives besides explanation: A (good) description, a synopsis of existing studies which allows the state-of-the-art to emerge, (necessary) criticism of academia and managerial practice also deliver valuable insights.


Science is influenced by culture, just as other areas of life are. Without denying the beneficial effects and the importance of US-American research in our discipline, we do not intend to blindly adapt to overseas practices in every way, but wish to follow our own convictions. This constitutes by no means a parochial notion of science; it rather supports the view that there is not only one legitimate conception of science worldwide. We present our work on international conferences and publish in German and English, partly also in French.

In the following publications you will find the outcome of our convictions:

  • Schmid, Stefan: Multikulturalität in der internationalen Unternehmung. Konzepte - Reflexionen - Implikationen, Wiesbaden, 1996 (mir-Edition), Doctoral Dissertation, Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, especially pp. 9-114.
  • Kutschker, Michael/Bäurle, Iris/Stefan Schmid: Quantitative und qualitative Forschung im Internationalen Management - Ein kritisch-fragender Dialog, Discussion Paper No. 82, WFI – Ingolstadt School of Management, Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, January 1997.
  • Schmid, Stefan: Blueprints from the U.S.? Zur Amerikanisierung der Betriebswirtschafts- und Managementlehre, Working Paper No. 2, ESCP-EAP Europäische Wirtschaftshochschule Berlin, July 2003.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Oesterle, Michael-Jörg: Internationales Management als Wissenschaft – Herausforderungen und Zukunftsperspektiven, in: Internationales Management. Forschung, Lehre, Praxis, edited by M.-J. Oesterle/S. Schmid, Schäffer-Poeschel, Stuttgart, 2009, pp. 3-36.

Research topics

State-of-the-Art of International Management

Due to the wide distribution of the textbook "Internationales Management" in German-speaking countries and the rapid succession of new editions, our aim is to be knowledgeable in a broad range of subjects within the International Management discipline. We also try to find out what certain theories or concepts mean for managerial practice applying theories and concepts on numerous company cases, as we did for example with our books "Strategien der Internationalisierung" or “Internationalization of Business: Cases on Strategy Formulation and Implementation”. Moreover, we are very much interested in fundamental reflexions on our discipline, including critical or programmatic statements.

Exemplary publications:
  • Kutschker, Michael/Schmid, Stefan: Internationales Management, Oldenbourg, München, 7th revised and updated edition, 2011.
  • Oesterle, M.-J./Schmid, S. (eds.): Internationales Management. Forschung, Lehre, Praxis. Schäffer-Poeschel, Stuttgart, 2009.
  • Schmid, Stefan: Blueprints from the U.S.? Zur Amerikanisierung der Betriebswirtschafts- und Managementlehre, Working Paper No. 2, ESCP-EAP Europäische Wirtschaftshochschule Berlin, July 2003, 41 pages.
  • Schmid, Stefan (ed.): Strategien der Internationalisierung. Fallstudien und Fallbeispiele, Oldenbourg, München, 3rd revised an updated edition, 2013.
  • Schmid, Stefan (ed.): Internationalization of Business: Cases on Strategy Formulation and Implementation, Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden, 2018 (in press).
  • Schmid, Stefan: Do We Care about Relevance in the International Business Field? On Major Problems of Transferring Our Research to Management Practice, Working Paper No. 52, ESCP Wirtschaftshochschule Berlin, 2010, 18 pages.

Strategies of International Firms

It is a necessity for firms to constantly strive for competitive advantage that has to be gained in the first place, then extended, defended and enhanced. We are mainly interested in the question of how competitive advantage can be created and maintained by internationalization. We do not only examine strategies for market entry and market development: target market strategies, timing strategies, allocation strategies and coordination strategies are also of highest importance in our research. It is our conviction that every company needs to develop and implement its individual strategies while permanently adapting them to the requirements of environments.

Exemplary publications:

Top Management and Corporate Governance in International Firms

We are convinced that certain individuals, like founders or members of management boards and supervisory boards, are of fundamental importance for the internationalization of firms. In many projects, we currently investigate the internationalization of top managers. We analyse both antecedents and consequences of internationalization in upper echelons. Internationalization, however, is not only a question of the passport – it is also a question of international education, international work experience or international linkages, for instance via mandates.

Exemplary publications:

Subsidiaries in International Firms

International firms have numerous subsidiaries. However, not all subsidiaries are alike. Hence, we investigate which roles foreign subsidiaries have and which consequences the role differentiation entails. We also place an emphasis on initiatives by foreign subsidiaries as we are convinced that headquarters are not anymore the sole centre of gravity in most firms operating across borders. Based on our interest in dynamic aspects of international management (see, for instance, our Three-E-Concept), we also attach great importance to the development of subsidiaries striving to transcend the static perspective.

Exemplary publications:
  • Kutschker, Michael/Bäurle, Iris/Schmid, Stefan: International Evolution, International Episodes and International Epochs - Implications for Managing Internationalization, in: Management International Review, Special Issue "Internationalization Processes - New Perspectives for a Classical Field of International Management", Vol. 37, No. 2, 1997, pp. 101-124.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Daniel, Andrea: Headquarters-Subsidiary Relationships from a Social-Psychological Perspective: How Perception Gaps Concerning the Subsidiary’s Role May Lead to Conflict, in: Politics and Power in MNCs, edited by C. Dörrenbächer, M. Geppert, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011, pp. 255-280.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Daub, Matthias: Service Offshoring Subsidiaries - Towards a Typology, in: Internationalization and Management of Foreign Operations, edited by J. Larimo/S. Rumpunen, Vol. 130, Vaasan Yliopiston Julkaisuja, Vaasa/Finland, 2006, pp. 209-234.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Dzedek, Lars/Lehrer, Mark: From Rocking the Boat to Wagging the Dog: A Literature Review of Subsidiary Initiative Research and Integrative Framework, in: Journal of International Management, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2014, pp. 201-218.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Hefter, Katharina: Evaluating the Performance of Foreign Subsidiaries: An Extension of Gupta/Govindarajan’s Role Typology, in: Contributions to International Business. Essays in Honour of Professor Jorma Larimo, edited by Martti Laksonen, Ahmad Arslan, Minnie Kontkanen, Acta Wasaensia 303, University of Vaasa, Vaasa/Finn­land, 2014, pp. 1-30.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Hefter, Katharina: How Do MNC Subsidiaries Differ in Terms of Performance Evaluation? A Case Study based on Bartlett/Ghoshal's Role Typology, in: Internationales Management und die Grundlagen des globalisierten Kapitalismus. Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Johann Engelhard, edited by S. Eckert, Georg Trautnitz, Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden, 2016, pp. 123-157.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Kretschmer, Katharina: Performance Evaluation of Foreign Subsidiaries – A Review of the Literature and a Contingency Framework, in: International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol. 12, 2010, pp. 219-258.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Maurer, Julia: Relationships Between MNC Subsidiaries – Opening a Black Box in the International Business Field, in: Internationale Unternehmungen und das Management ausländischer Tochtergesellschaften, edited by S. Schmid, Gabler, Wiesbaden, 2011 (mir-Edition), pp. 53-83.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Schurig, Andreas: The Development of Critical Capabilities in Foreign Subsidiaries: Disentangling the Role of the Subsidiary's Business Network, in: International Business Review, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2003, pp. 755-782.

Focus on:
Last Publications

Edited Book / Text Book

SCHMID, S. (Ed.) (2018), Internationalization of Business: Cases on Strategy Formulation and Implementation, Cham, Springer International Publishing.

Journal Article

Schmid, Stefan/Altfeld, Frederic/Dauth, Tobias: Americanization as a Driver of CEO Pay in Europe: The Moderating Role of CEO Power, in: Journal of World Business, Vol. 53, No. 4, 2018, pp. 433-451.

Journal Article

Schmid, Stefan/Altfeld, Frederic: International Work Experience and Compensation: Is more always Better for CFOs?, in: European Management Journal, Vol. 36, No. 4, 2018, pp. 530-543.

Find an overview

228 publications

Academic Articles



Strategic Discipline: Inconspicuous Lessons from Germanic Mittelstand Firms





La longévité multigénérationelle, la touche personelle et l'effet de la famille d'origine: une étude contextualisée de la société Hipp typique du Mittelstand allemand

In: La recherche en management international: continuité et ruptures, Goxe, F., Prime, N. and Viegas-Pieres, M. (Eds.) Vuibert, pp. 229-251

Academic Articles



Family Firms Taking Surprising Risks: Building Success on Conservative Values


Conference Presentations



Do We Still Find Some Evidence of Americanization in European Firms?

University of Vaasa

Working Papers



Entering New Markets and Diversifying Business: The Role of Amazon's Acquisitions in International Growth and Development

ESCP Europe Working Paper, No. 69, 60 p.

Working Papers



Takata: International Configuration and Coordination of a Japanese Automotive Supplier

ESCP Europe Working Paper, No. 70, 51 p.

Academic Articles



Americanization as a Driver of CEO Pay in Europe: The Moderating Role of CEO Power

JOURNAL OF WORLD BUSINESS, Vol. 53, Issue 4, 433-451

Academic Articles



Neuberufungen von DAX-30-Vorständen und -Aufsichtsräten: Wie reagiert der Aktienmarkt auf den Doktortitel von Topmanagern?


Academic Articles



International Work Experience and Compensation: Is More Always Better for CFOs?

EUROPEAN MANAGEMENT JOURNAL, Vol. 36., Issue 4, 530-543




Internationalization of Business: Cases on Strategy Formulation and Implementation

Springer International Publishing

Team and contact

Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid

Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid

Bruni Wedeking

Bruni Wedeking

Sebastian Baldermann, M.A.

Sebastian Baldermann, M.A.

Research assistant / PhD student
Simon Mitterreiter, M.Sc.

Simon Mitterreiter, M.Sc.

Research assistant / PhD student
Felix Rödder, Dipl.-Reg.-Wiss.

Felix Rödder, Dipl.-Reg.-Wiss.

Research assistant / PhD student

Former Research Assistants

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Affiliate Professors

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