Chair of
International Management and Strategic Management

DR Stefan Schmid, director of the Chair of International Management and Strategic Management, ESCP, Berlin campus The internationalisation of companies has become so complex that International Management has emerged as a distinct discipline within Business and Management Studies. In research and in teaching, the Chair is concerned with strategic, organisational and cultural challenges of international companies. In order to be competitive, a company needs more than a clear idea of how to internationalise; in the field of Strategic Management we place great emphasis on general processes of setting strategic objectives, strategic analysis, strategy formulation and strategy implementation. With regard to both research and teaching in International Management and in Strategic Management, we aim at combining rigour and relevance.

- Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid
Holder of the Chair

The team

From left to right: Bianca Voyé, Tobias Romey, Isabella van Hooren, Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid and Zhengtian Xia

News from the Chair

Annual News reports (2003-2024)

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Last update - July 2024

We offer the following courses:

Bachelor in
Management (BSc)

  • International Management
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Master in

  • International Management I: The Multinational Corporation in the Global Economy
  • International Management II: Strategies of Internationalization
  • Wissenschaftliches Arbeiten im deutschsprachigen Raum
  • Academic Writing in the German-Speaking Countries
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Specialised Master®
Strategy and Digital Business

  • International Strategy
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Specialised Master®
Sustainability Entrepreneurship & Innovation

  • Strategic Management
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Specialised Master®
Sales 4.0 - Master in International Sales Management

  • International Management Decisions
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Executive MBA

  • Corporate Strategy (Core Course)
  • International Strategy and Structure (Elective)
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Education Programmes

  • Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid teaches in various ESCP Executive Education Programmes in Berlin, Paris, Madrid, Torino and London. His experience encompasses a wide range of topics within International Management and Strategic Management.
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European PhD Programme
in International Business

  • International Management
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Lectures at Other Universities / Business Schools

Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid regularly teaches at other universities or business schools as a lecturer or visiting professor. Since 2002, he offered courses at the following institutions:

  • Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, Germany, “Introduction to Business Administration” (Diploma course in Business Administration)
  • University of Vaasa, Finland, “Internationalization Strategies of the Firm” (Master programme)
  • Université de Nancy, France, “International Management” (Ph.D. programme)
  • Universität Bayreuth, Germany, “Fundamentals of International Management” and “Internationalization Strategies” (Diploma course in Business and Bachelor courses)
  • Europa-Universität Viadrina, Frankfurt / Oder, Germany, and Collegium Polonicum, Slubice, Poland, “Corporate Strategy” and “International Strategy” (MBA programme)
  • Université Jean Moulin Lyon 3, France, "Literature Reviews in Business Studies" (Ph.D. programme)
  • École Supérieure des Affaires (ESA), Lebanon, "Corporate Strategy" (MBA and Executive MBA programme)


Research Approach

Research at the Chair for International Management and Strategic Management ESCP Campus Berlin has a specific orientation:


Our research concentrates on the international dimension of management. We focus on strategic, organizational und cultural challenges of international firms. Our work is financed by ESCP or through third-party funds, provided by various sources, such as the Bertelsmann Foundation, Roland Berger Strategy Consultants or SFR CEGETEL.


Our chair contributes to theory building and testing without neglecting links to managerial practice. Neither do we believe in dogmatic research nor do we see a supremacy of specific theoretical or methodological approaches. We pursue a pluralistic approach, in which the choice of theories and methods results from the problems to be solved.


We are convinced that it is the task of academics to explain phenomena. In social sciences, however, it is realistic to discover regularities rather than to establish axioms. Hence, we think that there are additional important objectives besides explanation: A (good) description, a synopsis of existing studies which allows the state-of-the-art to emerge, (necessary) criticism of academia and managerial practice also deliver valuable insights.


Science is influenced by culture, just as other areas of life are. Without denying the beneficial effects and the importance of US-American research in our discipline, we do not intend to blindly adapt to overseas practices in every way, but wish to follow our own convictions. This constitutes by no means a parochial notion of science; it rather supports the view that there is not only one legitimate conception of science worldwide. We present our work on international conferences and publish in German and English, partly also in French.

In the following publications you will find the outcome of our convictions:

  • Schmid, Stefan: Multikulturalität in der internationalen Unternehmung. Konzepte - Reflexionen - Implikationen, Wiesbaden, 1996 (mir-Edition), Doctoral Dissertation, Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, especially pp. 9-114.
  • Kutschker, Michael/Bäurle, Iris/Stefan Schmid: Quantitative und qualitative Forschung im Internationalen Management - Ein kritisch-fragender Dialog, Discussion Paper No. 82, WFI – Ingolstadt School of Management, Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt, January 1997.
  • Schmid, Stefan: Blueprints from the U.S.? Zur Amerikanisierung der Betriebswirtschafts- und Managementlehre, Working Paper No. 2, ESCP-EAP Europäische Wirtschaftshochschule Berlin, July 2003.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Oesterle, Michael-Jörg: Internationales Management als Wissenschaft – Herausforderungen und Zukunftsperspektiven, in: Internationales Management. Forschung, Lehre, Praxis, edited by M.-J. Oesterle/S. Schmid, Schäffer-Poeschel, Stuttgart, 2009, pp. 3-36.

Research topics

State-of-the-Art of International Management

Due to the wide distribution of the textbook "Internationales Management" in German-speaking countries and the rapid succession of new editions, our aim is to be knowledgeable in a broad range of subjects within the International Management discipline. We also try to find out what certain theories or concepts mean for managerial practice applying theories and concepts on numerous company cases, as we did for example with our books "Strategien der Internationalisierung" or “Internationalization of Business: Cases on Strategy Formulation and Implementation”. Moreover, we are very much interested in fundamental reflexions on our discipline, including critical or programmatic statements.

Exemplary publications:
  • Kutschker, Michael/Schmid, Stefan: Internationales Management, Oldenbourg, München, 7th revised and updated edition, 2011.
  • Oesterle, M.-J./Schmid, S. (eds.): Internationales Management. Forschung, Lehre, Praxis. Schäffer-Poeschel, Stuttgart, 2009.
  • Schmid, Stefan: Blueprints from the U.S.? Zur Amerikanisierung der Betriebswirtschafts- und Managementlehre, Working Paper No. 2, ESCP-EAP Europäische Wirtschaftshochschule Berlin, July 2003, 41 pages.
  • Schmid, Stefan (ed.): Strategien der Internationalisierung. Fallstudien und Fallbeispiele, Oldenbourg, München, 3rd revised an updated edition, 2013.
  • Schmid, Stefan (ed.): Internationalization of Business: Cases on Strategy Formulation and Implementation, Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden, 2018 (in press).
  • Schmid, Stefan: Do We Care about Relevance in the International Business Field? On Major Problems of Transferring Our Research to Management Practice, Working Paper No. 52, ESCP Wirtschaftshochschule Berlin, 2010, 18 pages.

Strategies of International Firms

It is a necessity for firms to constantly strive for competitive advantage that has to be gained in the first place, then extended, defended and enhanced. We are mainly interested in the question of how competitive advantage can be created and maintained by internationalization. We do not only examine strategies for market entry and market development: target market strategies, timing strategies, allocation strategies and coordination strategies are also of highest importance in our research. It is our conviction that every company needs to develop and implement its individual strategies while permanently adapting them to the requirements of environments.

Exemplary publications:

Top Management and Corporate Governance in International Firms

We are convinced that certain individuals, like founders or members of management boards and supervisory boards, are of fundamental importance for the internationalization of firms. In many projects, we currently investigate the internationalization of top managers. We analyse both antecedents and consequences of internationalization in upper echelons. Internationalization, however, is not only a question of the passport – it is also a question of international education, international work experience or international linkages, for instance via mandates.

Exemplary publications:

Subsidiaries in International Firms

International firms have numerous subsidiaries. However, not all subsidiaries are alike. Hence, we investigate which roles foreign subsidiaries have and which consequences the role differentiation entails. We also place an emphasis on initiatives by foreign subsidiaries as we are convinced that headquarters are not anymore the sole centre of gravity in most firms operating across borders. Based on our interest in dynamic aspects of international management (see, for instance, our Three-E-Concept), we also attach great importance to the development of subsidiaries striving to transcend the static perspective.

Exemplary publications:
  • Kutschker, Michael/Bäurle, Iris/Schmid, Stefan: International Evolution, International Episodes and International Epochs - Implications for Managing Internationalization, in: Management International Review, Special Issue "Internationalization Processes - New Perspectives for a Classical Field of International Management", Vol. 37, No. 2, 1997, pp. 101-124.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Daniel, Andrea: Headquarters-Subsidiary Relationships from a Social-Psychological Perspective: How Perception Gaps Concerning the Subsidiary’s Role May Lead to Conflict, in: Politics and Power in MNCs, edited by C. Dörrenbächer, M. Geppert, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2011, pp. 255-280.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Daub, Matthias: Service Offshoring Subsidiaries - Towards a Typology, in: Internationalization and Management of Foreign Operations, edited by J. Larimo/S. Rumpunen, Vol. 130, Vaasan Yliopiston Julkaisuja, Vaasa/Finland, 2006, pp. 209-234.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Dzedek, Lars/Lehrer, Mark: From Rocking the Boat to Wagging the Dog: A Literature Review of Subsidiary Initiative Research and Integrative Framework, in: Journal of International Management, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2014, pp. 201-218.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Hefter, Katharina: Evaluating the Performance of Foreign Subsidiaries: An Extension of Gupta/Govindarajan’s Role Typology, in: Contributions to International Business. Essays in Honour of Professor Jorma Larimo, edited by Martti Laksonen, Ahmad Arslan, Minnie Kontkanen, Acta Wasaensia 303, University of Vaasa, Vaasa/Finn­land, 2014, pp. 1-30.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Hefter, Katharina: How Do MNC Subsidiaries Differ in Terms of Performance Evaluation? A Case Study based on Bartlett/Ghoshal's Role Typology, in: Internationales Management und die Grundlagen des globalisierten Kapitalismus. Festschrift zum 65. Geburtstag von Johann Engelhard, edited by S. Eckert, Georg Trautnitz, Springer Gabler, Wiesbaden, 2016, pp. 123-157.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Kretschmer, Katharina: Performance Evaluation of Foreign Subsidiaries – A Review of the Literature and a Contingency Framework, in: International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol. 12, 2010, pp. 219-258.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Maurer, Julia: Relationships Between MNC Subsidiaries – Opening a Black Box in the International Business Field, in: Internationale Unternehmungen und das Management ausländischer Tochtergesellschaften, edited by S. Schmid, Gabler, Wiesbaden, 2011 (mir-Edition), pp. 53-83.
  • Schmid, Stefan/Schurig, Andreas: The Development of Critical Capabilities in Foreign Subsidiaries: Disentangling the Role of the Subsidiary's Business Network, in: International Business Review, Vol. 12, No. 6, 2003, pp. 755-782.

Focus on:
Last Publications

Edited Book / Text Book

SCHMID, S. (Ed.) (2018), Internationalization of Business: Cases on Strategy Formulation and Implementation, Cham, Springer International Publishing.

Journal Article

Schmid, Stefan/Altfeld, Frederic/Dauth, Tobias: Americanization as a Driver of CEO Pay in Europe: The Moderating Role of CEO Power, in: Journal of World Business, Vol. 53, No. 4, 2018, pp. 433-451.

Journal Article

Schmid, Stefan/Altfeld, Frederic: International Work Experience and Compensation: Is more always Better for CFOs?, in: European Management Journal, Vol. 36, No. 4, 2018, pp. 530-543.

Find an overview

249 publications

ESCP Impact Papers



Business elites in Europe: Have top managers’ career paths in France, Germany and the UK become alike?

ESCP Impact Papers, 2024-15-EN

Working Papers



Lufthansa: A Century of International Growth

ESCP Working Paper, No. 72, 57p.

Academic Articles



Attracting Talent Through Diversity at the Top: The Impact of TMT Diversity and Firms' Efforts to Promote Diversity on Employer Attractiveness


Academic Articles



How Internationalization Leads to more CSR: The Case of Japanese Firms


Academic Articles



Keeping It Personal While Growing the Business: The German Mittelstand Approach

JOURNAL OF BUSINESS STRATEGY, Vol. 43, Issue 3, 148-156

Academic Articles



Much Ado About Diversity? The Perpetuation of Old Elites on Corporate Boards


Academic Articles



Kleidungsstil von Topmanagern: Bedeutung der Krawatte für nonverbale Kommunikation und symbolische Führung


Academic Articles



Career Patterns of Top Managers in Europe: Signs of Further Globalisation?

EUROPEAN MANAGEMENT JOURNAL, Vol. 40, Issue 4, 467-474




Internationales Management

In: Ideengeschichte der BWL II: Produktion, OR, Innovation, Marketing, Finanzierung, Nachhaltigkeit, ÖBWL, Internationales Management, Matiaske, W. and Sadowski, D. (Eds.) Springer Gabler, pp. 449-478

ESCP Impact Papers



The Great Exodus? How Economies Fall Behind in the Global Race for Talented Employees

ESCP Impact Papers, 2022-01-EN

Team and contact

Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid

Prof. Dr. Stefan Schmid

Bianca Voyé

Bianca Voyé

Isabella van Hooren, M.Sc.

Isabella van Hooren, M.Sc.

Research assistant / PhD student
Tobias Romey, M.A.

Tobias Romey, M.A.

Research assistant / PhD student
Zhengtian Xia, M. Sc., Research assistant / PhD student

Zhengtian Xia, M. Sc.

Research assistant / PhD student

Former Research Assistants

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Affiliate Professors

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of selected current and former research assistants
(for a full list of former research assistants who completed their PhD at the Chair, please refer to the "Former Research Assistants" document in the "Team & Contact" section)

Dr. Felix Rödder, M.A.
Dr. Felix Rödder,PhD 2021

Exciting topics, excellent courses, high-standards in research, and ample bridges between theory and practice: the Chair of International Management and Strategic Management is a shining example of academia at its best. Professor Schmid offers the perfect environment for all those who want to reach the next level in their studies and personal development!

Sebastian Baldermann, M.A.
Dr. Sebastian Baldermann,PhD 2021

During my time as a research assistant at Professor Schmid's Chair, I have particularly appreciated the culture of open communication as well as the continuous and helpful support in my research endeavors. Aside from my other duties, I have never had the feeling that I do not have time for research – which is key to successfully mastering a doctoral dissertation project in due course.

I have received all the assistance necessary to push forward my career in academia and was able to participate in various (international) events such as academic conferences. If I had the choice, I would choose the Chair of International Management and Strategic Management to do my PhD again!

Dr. Katharina Hefter, PhD 2007
Dr. Katharina Hefter,PhD 2007

I’ve very much enjoyed working as a research assistant with Professor Schmid and completing my PhD at ESCP. What’s special about the Chair of International Management and Strategic Management? Amazing teaming, highest quality of research, entrepreneurial spirit and a truly international ecosystem … and I received all the support needed on the PhD journey! So, I would definitely choose the Chair of International and Strategic Management at ESCP again.

Prof. Dr. Thomas Kotulla, PhD 2012
Prof. Dr. Thomas Kotulla, PhD 2012

I was a research assistant at Professor Schmid’s Chair and completed my PhD in 2012. During my time at the Chair, I had the chance to experience first-hand and in-depth the various facets of academia: research, teaching, and the interaction with practice. What fascinated me right from the beginning were Professor Schmid’s high standards of scientific rigor and practical relevance as well as his claim for excellence. My learning curve during this time was really steep, and the experiences I made, e.g., with teaching lectures in the classrooms, presenting research at international conferences, cooperating with firms in the “company consultancy projects”, or exchanging my thoughts with colleagues from the university were, and still are, priceless. Overall, my time at Professor Schmid’s Chair had a great impact on my career, both in the business world and in academia.

Prof. Dr. Thomas Kotulla, PhD 2012
Tobias Romey, current Research Assistant

I appreciate the family culture inside ESCP, with a faculty body that couldn't be more supportive and engaging. Professor Schmid and my fellow colleagues help me to grow my professional as well as my personal competencies. ESCP and the Chair of International Management and Strategic Management are the perfect place to devote myself to my research interests – that's how I always imagined my PhD time.